Photo retrieved from http://ccel.ca/2012/02/29/conversation-club-2/

Knowing what to say, A: Endonyms, Exonyms, and Toponyms

In linguistics, the name used to refer to a place in a foreign language is known as an exonym. The name used to refer to a geographical feature in its native language is an endonym. When visiting a foreign place it would be helpful to know both. Here’s a brief list of toponyms (names of places), some of which I plan to use while I’m in Europe!

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Abkhazia Sukhum Apsny
Аҧсны
Abkhaziya
Абхазия
Aqwa
Аҟəа
Sukhum
Сухум
Abhazian
(Abkhaz Cyrillic script)
Russian
(Cyrillic script)
Afghanistan Kabul Afghanestan
افغانستان
Kabul
كابل
[[Dari (Eastern Persian)| PashtuDari
(Perso-Arabic script)
Albania Tirana Shqipëria Tiranë Albanian
Algeria Algiers DzayerAl-Jazā’ir
الجزائر
DzayerAl-Jazā’ir
الجزائر
Berber language
Arabic
(Arabic script)
American Samoa Pago Pago Amerika Sāmoa
American Samoa
Pago Pago
Pago Pago
Samoan
English
Andorra Andorra la Vella Andorra Andorra la Vella Catalan
Angola Luanda Angola Luanda Portuguese
Anguilla The Valley Anguilla The Valley English
Antigua and Barbuda Saint John’s Antigua and Barbuda St. John’s English
Argentina Buenos Aires Argentina Ciudad de Buenos Aires Spanish
Armenia Yerevan Hayastán
Հայաստան
Yerevan
Երեվան
Armenian
(Armenian alphabet)
Aruba Oranjestad Aruba Oranjestad Dutch
Australia Canberra Australia Canberra English/ Aboriginal native languages
Austria Vienna Österreich Wien German
Azerbaijan Baku Azərbaycan Bakı Azeri
(Latin script)

Source:wikipedia

Retrieved from http://ccel.ca/2012/02/29/conversation-club-2/
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