Photo retrieved from http://ccel.ca/2012/02/29/conversation-club-2/

Knowing what to say, C: Endonyms, Exonyms, and Toponyms

In linguistics, the name used to refer to a place in a foreign language is known as an exonym. The name used to refer to a geographical feature in its native language is an endonym. When visiting a foreign place it would be helpful to know both. Here’s a brief list of toponyms (names of places), some of which I plan to use while I’m in Europe!

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Cambodia Phnom Penh Kampuchea
កម្ពុជា
Phnom Penh
ភ្នំពេញ
Khmer
ខ្មែរ
Cameroon Yaoundé Cameroun
Cameroon
Yaoundé
Yaoundé
French
English
Canada Ottawa English
French
Indigenous
Cape Verde Praia Cabo Verde Praia Portuguese
Cayman Islands George Town English
Central African Republic Bangui République Centrafricaine
Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka
Bangui
Bangî
French
Sango
Chad N’Djamena Tchad
Tšād
تشاد
Ndjamena
Nijāmīnā
نجامينا
French
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Chile Santiago Spanish
China (PRC)[1] Beijing Zhōngguó (Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó)
中国 (中华人民共和国)
Běijīng
北京
Mandarin Chinese
(Simplified Chinese characters)
China (ROC)[1]
or Taiwan
Taipei Zhōnghuá Mínguó or Táiwan
中華民國 or 臺灣/台灣
Táiběi
臺北/台北
Chinese
(Traditional Chinese characters)
Christmas Island Flying Fish Cove Christmas Island Flying Fish Cove English
Cocos Islands West Island English
Colombia Bogotá Spanish
Comoros Moroni Komori
Juzur al-Qamar
جزر القمر
Comores
Moroni
Moroni
موروني
Moroni
Shikomor
Arabic
(Arabic script)
French
Congo Brazzaville Congo or Congo-Brazza Brazzaville French
Congo (DRC) Kinshasa Congo Kinshasa French
Cook Islands Avarua English
Costa Rica San José Spanish
Côte d’Ivoire Yamoussoukro French
Croatia Zagreb Hrvatska Zagreb Croatian
Cuba Havana Cuba La Habana Spanish
Cyprus Nicosia Kypros
Κύπρος
Kıbrıs
Lefkosia
Λευκωσία
Lefkoşa
Greek
(Greek alphabet)
Turkish
Czech Republic Prague Česká republika
Česko
Praha Czech

Source:wikipedia

 

Retrieved from http://ccel.ca/2012/02/29/conversation-club-2/

 

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