Photo retrieved from http://ccel.ca/2012/02/29/conversation-club-2/

Knowing what to say, D, E, F: Endonyms, Exonyms, and Toponyms

In linguistics, the name used to refer to a place in a foreign language is known as an exonym. The name used to refer to a geographical feature in its native language is an endonym. When visiting a foreign place it would be helpful to know both. Here’s a brief list of toponyms (names of places), some of which I plan to use while I’m in Europe!

D

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Denmark Copenhagen Danmark København Danish
Djibouti Djibouti Jībūtī
جيبوتي
Djibouti
Jībūtī
جيبوتي
Djibouti
Arabic
(Arabic script)
French
Dominica Roseau English
Dominican Republic Santo Domingo República Dominicana Santo Domingo Spanish

E

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
East Timor Díli Timor Lorosa’e
Timor-Leste
Díli
Díli
Tetum
Portuguese
Ecuador Quito Spanish
Egypt Cairo Misr or Masr
مصر
Al-Qāhirah
القاهرة
Arabic
(Arabic script)
El Salvador San Salvador Spanish
Equatorial Guinea Malabo Guinea Ecuatorial Malabo Spanish
Eritrea Asmara Iritriya
إرتريا
Erta
ኤርትራ
Asmaraa
أسمرا
Asmära
አሥመራ
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Tigrinya
Estonia Tallinn Eesti Tallinn Estonian
Ethiopia Addis Ababa Ityop’ia
ኢትዮጵያ
Addis Abäba
አዲስ አበባ
Amharic

F

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Faroe Islands Tórshavn Føroyar
Færøerne
Tórshavn
Thorshavn
Faroese
Danish
Fiji Suva Fiji
Viti
फ़िजी
Suva English
Fijian
Hindustani
Finland Helsinki Suomi
Finland
Helsinki
Helsingfors
Finnish
Swedish
France Paris French
French Guiana Cayenne Guyane Cayenne French
French Polynesia Papeete Polynésie française Papeete French

Source:wikipedia

Retrieved from http://ccel.ca/2012/02/29/conversation-club-2/
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