Photo retrieved from http://ccel.ca/2012/02/29/conversation-club-2/

Knowing what to say, G, H: Endonyms, Exonyms, and Toponyms

In linguistics, the name used to refer to a place in a foreign language is known as an exonym. The name used to refer to a geographical feature in its native language is an endonym. When visiting a foreign place it would be helpful to know both. Here’s a brief list of toponyms (names of places), some of which I plan to use while I’m in Europe!

G

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Gabon Libreville French
The Gambia Banjul English
Georgia Tbilisi Sak’art’velo
საქართველო
Tbilisi
თბილისი
Georgian
(Georgian alphabet)
Germany Berlin Deutschland Berlin German
Ghana Accra English
Akan
Fante
Twi
Ga
Dagbani
Ewe
Gibraltar Gibraltar English
Greece Athens Hellas
Ελλάς
or
Ellada
Ελλάδα
Athinai
Αθήναι
or
Athina
Αθήνα
Greek
(Greek alphabet)
Greenland Nuuk Kalaallit Nunaat
Grønland
Nuuk
Godthåb
Danish
Grenada St. George’s English
Guadeloupe Basse-Terre French
Guam Hagåtña English
Guatemala Guatemala City Guatemala La Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción Spanish
Guernsey St Peter Port English
Guinea Conakry Guinée
Gine
Gine
Conakry
Kɔnakiri
Konakiri
French
Maninka, Susu
Pular
Guinea-Bissau Bissau Guiné-Bissau Bissau Portuguese
Guyana Georgetown English

H

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Haiti Port-au-Prince Haïti
Ayiti
Port-au-Prince
Pòtoprens
French
Haitian Creole
Honduras Tegucigalpa Spanish
Hungary Budapest Magyarország Budapest Hungarian

Source:wikipedia

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