Photo retrieved from http://ccel.ca/2012/02/29/conversation-club-2/

Knowing what to say, B: Endonyms, Exonyms, and Toponyms

In linguistics, the name used to refer to a place in a foreign language is known as an exonym. The name used to refer to a geographical feature in its native language is an endonym. When visiting a foreign place it would be helpful to know both. Here’s a brief list of toponyms (names of places), some of which I plan to use while I’m in Europe!

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
The Bahamas Nassau English
Bahrain Manama Al-Baḥrayn
البحرين
Al-Manāmah
المنامة
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Bangladesh Dhaka Bangladesh
বাংলাদেশ
Ḍhaka
ঢাকা
Bengali
(Bengali script)
Barbados Bridgetown English
Belarus Minsk Belarus’
Беларусь
Biełaruś
Belorussiya or Belorussiâ
Белоруссия
Minsk (Mensk)
Мінск (Менск)
Miensk
Minsk
Минск
Belarusian (archaic form)
(Cyrillic script)
(Latin Belarusian Alphabet)
Russian
(Cyrillic script)
Belgium Brussels België
Belgique
Belgien
Brussel
Bruxelles
Brüssel
Dutch
French
German
Belize Belmopan English
Benin Porto-Novo Bénin Porto-Novo French
Bermuda Hamilton English
Bhutan Thimphu Druk Yul
འབྲུག་ཡུལ
Thimphu
ཐིམ་ཕུ
Dzongkha
Bolivia La Paz Bolivia
Buliwya
Wuliwya
Volívia
La Paz
Chuqiyapu
Chuqiyapu
La Paz
Spanish
Quechua
Aymara
Guaraní
Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo Bosna i Hercegovina
Босна и Херцеговина
Sarajevo
Сарајево
Bosnian, Serbian, Croatian
(Cyrillic script)
Botswana Gaborone English
Brazil Brasília Brasil Brasília Portuguese
Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan Brunei
بروني
Bandar Seri Begawan or Bandar
باندر سري بڬاون
Malay
(Jawi script)
Bulgaria Sofia Bulgariya or Bălgarija
България
Sofiya or Sofija[2]
София
Bulgarian
(Cyrillic script)
Burkina Faso Ouagadougou French
Burma Naypyidaw Myanmar
မြန်မာ
Nay Pyi Taw
နေပြည်တော်
Burmese
(Burmese alphabet)
Burundi Bujumbura Kirundi, French

Source:wikipedia

Advertisements

2 thoughts on “Knowing what to say, B: Endonyms, Exonyms, and Toponyms”

  1. Oh my goodness! Amazing article dude! Thanks, However I am encountering
    issues with your RSS. I don’t know why I can’t subscribe to it. Is there anybody having similar RSS issues? Anybody who knows the solution can you kindly respond? Thanx!!

What do you think?

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s