Photo retrieved from http://ccel.ca/2012/02/29/conversation-club-2/

Knowing what to say, P, Q, R: Endonyms, Exonyms, and Toponyms

In linguistics, the name used to refer to a place in a foreign language is known as an exonym. The name used to refer to a geographical feature in its native language is an endonym. When visiting a foreign place it would be helpful to know both. Here’s a brief list of toponyms (names of places), some of which I plan to use while I’m in Europe!

P

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Pakistan Islamabad Pākistān
پاکستان
Islāmabād
اسلام‌اباد
Urdu, English
Palau Ngerulmud Belau Ngerulmud English, Palauan
Palestinian National Authority[1] Ramallah and Gaza Filastīn
فلسطين
Rāmallāh, Ġazzah
رام الله, غزة
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Panama Panama City Panamá Panamá Spanish
Papua New Guinea Port Moresby Papua New Guinea
Papua Niugini
Papua Niugini
Port Moresby
Pot Mosbi
Pot Mosbi
English
Tok Pisin
Hiri Motu
Paraguay Asunción Paraguay
Paraguái
Asunción
Paraguay
Spanish
Guaraní
Peru Lima Perú Lima Spanish
Philippines Manila Pilipinas
Philippines
Filipinas
ᜉᜒᜎᜒᜉᜒᜈᜐ᜔
Pilipinas
Maynila
Manila
Manila
ᜋᜈᜒᜎ
Menila
Filipino / Tagalog
English
Spanish
(Tagalog script)
Kapampangan
Pitcairn Islands Adamstown English
Poland Warsaw Polska Warszawa Polish
Portugal Lisbon Portugal Lisboa Portuguese
Puerto Rico San Juan Spanish

Q

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Qatar Doha Qaṭar
قطر
Ad-Dawḥah
الدوحة
Arabic
(Arabic script)

R

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Réunion Saint-Denis Réunion Saint-Denis French
Romania Bucharest România București Romanian
Russia Moscow Rossiya or Rossiâ
Россия1
Moskva
Москва
Russian
(Cyrillic script)
Rwanda Kigali French, Kinyarwanda, English

Source:wikipedia

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