Photo retrieved from http://ccel.ca/2012/02/29/conversation-club-2/

Knowing what to say, K, L: Endonyms, Exonyms, and Toponyms

In linguistics, the name used to refer to a place in a foreign language is known as an exonym. The name used to refer to a geographical feature in its native language is an endonym. When visiting a foreign place it would be helpful to know both. Here’s a brief list of toponyms (names of places), some of which I plan to use while I’m in Europe!

K

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Kazakhstan Astana Qazaqstan
Қазақстан
Kazakhstán
Казахстан
Astana
Астана
Astana
Астана
Kazakh
(Cyrillic script)
Russian
(Cyrillic script)
Kenya Nairobi English, Swahili
Kiribati Tarawa[3] English, Gilbertese
Korea (North) P’yŏngyang Chosŏn as called in NK
조선 / 朝鮮
Buk-han as called in SK
북한 / 北韓
P’yŏngyang
평양 / 平壌
Korean
(Hangul/Hanja)
Korea (South) Seoul Hanguk as called in SK
한국 / 韓國
Nam-josŏn as called in NK
남조선 / 南朝鮮
Seoul
서울 / 漢城
Korean
(Hangul/Hanja)
Kosovo[1] Prishtinë Kosova, Косово Prishtinë, Приштина (Priština) Albanian, Serbian
(Latin, Cyrillic)
Kuwait Kuwait City Al-Kuwayt
الكويت
Al-Kuwayt
الكويت
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Kyrgyzstan Bishkek Kyrgyzstan
Кыргызстан
Kirgizija
Киргизия
Bishkek
Бишкек
Bishkek
Бишкек
Kyrgyz
(Cyrillic script)
Russian
(Cyrillic script)

L

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Laos Vientiane Lao
ລາວ
Vientiane or Vieng Chan
ວຽງຈັນ
Lao
Lao alphabet
Latvia Riga Latvija Rīga Latvian
Lebanon Beirut Lubnān
لبنان
Bayrūt
بيروت
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Lesotho Maseru Sesotho, English
Liberia Monrovia English
Libya Tripoli Libya
ⵍⵉⴱⵢⴰ
Lībiyā
ليبيا
Ṭrables
ⵟⵔⴰⴱⵍⴻⵙ
Tarabulus
طرابلس
Berber language
(Tifinagh script)
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Liechtenstein Vaduz Liechtenstein Vaduz German
Lithuania Vilnius Lietuva Vilnius Lithuanian
Luxembourg Luxembourg Lëtzebuerg
Luxemburg
Luxembourg
Lëtzebuerg
Luxemburg
Luxembourg
Luxembourgish
German
French

Source:wikipedia

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