Photo retrieved from http://ccel.ca/2012/02/29/conversation-club-2/

Knowing what to say, V, W, X, Y, Z: Endonyms, Exonyms, and Toponyms

In linguistics, the name used to refer to a place in a foreign language is known as an exonym. The name used to refer to a geographical feature in its native language is an endonym. When visiting a foreign place it would be helpful to know both. Here’s a brief list of toponyms (names of places), some of which I plan to use while I’m in Europe!

V

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Vanuatu Port Vila Vanuatu Port-Vila English
Vatican City Vatican City Civitas Vaticana Latin
Venezuela Caracas Spanish
Vietnam Hanoi Việt Nam Hà Nội Vietnamese
Virgin Islands, British Road Town English
Virgin Islands, US Charlotte Amalie English

W, X, Y, Z

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Wallis and Futuna Matâ’Utu Wallis-et-Futuna Matâ’Utu French
Yemen Sana’a Al-Yaman
اليمن
Ṣan‘ā’
ﺻﻨﻌﺎﺀ
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Zambia Lusaka English
Zimbabwe Harare English

Source:wikipedia

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