Photo retrieved from http://ccel.ca/2012/02/29/conversation-club-2/

Knowing what to say, T, U: Endonyms, Exonyms, and Toponyms

In linguistics, the name used to refer to a place in a foreign language is known as an exonym. The name used to refer to a geographical feature in its native language is an endonym. When visiting a foreign place it would be helpful to know both. Here’s a brief list of toponyms (names of places), some of which I plan to use while I’m in Europe!

T

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Taiwan
(See “China (ROC)” entry)
Tajikistan Dushanbe Tojikistan
Тоҷикистон
Dushanbe
Душанбе
Tajiki-Persian
(Cyrilic)
Tanzania Dodoma English
Thailand Bangkok Mueang Thai, Prathet Thai, Ratcha-anachak Thai
เมืองไทย,ประเทศไทย, ราชอาณาจักรไทย
Krung Thep Maha Nakhon
กรุงเทพฯ, กรุงเทพมหานคร
Thai
Togo Lomé French
Tokelau English
Tonga Nukuʻalofa Tonga Nukuʻalofa Tongan
Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain English
Tunisia Tunis Tunis
تونس
Tunis
تونس
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Turkey Ankara Türkiye Ankara Turkish
Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Nicosia Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti Lefkoşa Turkish
Turkmenistan Ashgabat Türkmenistan Aşgabat Turkmen
Turks and Caicos Islands Cockburn Town English
Tuvalu Fongafale (in Funafuti) English

U

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Uganda Kampala English
Ukraine Kiev Ukraїna
Україна
Kyїv
Київ
Ukrainian
(Cyrillic script)
United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi Al-’Imārat Al-‘Arabiyyah Al-Muttaḥidah
الإمارات العربيّة المتّحدة
‘Abū ẓabī
أبوظبي
Arabic
(Arabic script)
United Kingdom London United Kingdom
Y Deyrnas Unedig
Unitit Kinrick
Rìoghachd Aonaichte
Ríocht Aontaithe
London
Llundain
Lunnon
Lunnainn
Londain
English
Welsh
Scots
Scots Gaelic
Irish
United States Washington, D.C. United States or America
Estados Unidos or
Ta-Te
or América
États-Unis or Amérique
‘Amelika-hui-pu-‘ia or ‘Amelika-hui
Washington D.C.
Washington D.C.
Washington D.C.
Wakinekona or Wasinetona
English
Spanish
Cajun French
Indigenous
Hawaiian
Uruguay Montevideo República Oriental del Uruguay Montevideo Spanish
Uzbekistan Tashkent O’zbekiston Toshkent Uzbek

Source:wikipedia

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